Ralph Layland

Ralph Layland

  • Professor of Chemistry and Chair, Department of Physical Sciences
  • Faculty, College of Science & Mathematics
SC 321 Science Building
Education

Ph.D., University of South Carolina (1996)
B.S., University of Scranton (1991)

Publications

Refereed Articles 

  • Dukes III, A. D., Pitts, C. D., Kapingidza, A. B., Gardner, D. E., & Layland, R. C. (2018).  Comparison of the observed size-dependent melting point of CdSe nanocrystals to theoretical predictions.   European Journal of Chemistry.
  • Layland, R. C., Fiscus, J. E., Pschirer, N. G., Hipp, R. E., & Goforth, A. M. (2005).  Synthesis and structural characterization of five new coordination polymer chain structures using a new, Z-shaped ligand, 2,2'-bis-(4-pyridylethynyl)tolane.   Journal of Chemical Crystallography, 35 (2), 125-134.
  • Layland, R. C., Fiscus, J. E., Shotwell, S., Hipp, R. E., & Goforth, A. M. (2005).  Coordination Dimers Constructed from Metal(II) Halides and the Organic Ligand 1,2-dimethoxy-4,5-bis(2-pyridylethynyl)benzene.   Journal of Chemical Crystallography, 35 (11), 903-912.
  • Layland, R. C., J, N., Smith, M. D., & zur Loye, H. C. (2004).  Crystal Growth and Structure Determination of the New Silicate K3ScSi2O7.   Journal of Chemical Crystallography, 34 (6), 347-351.
  • Layland, R. C., Stitzer, K. E., Henley, W. H., Claridge, J. B., & zur Loye, H. C. (2002).  Sr3NiRhO6 and Sr3CuRhO6 - Two New One-Dimensional Oxides. Magnetic Behavior as a Function of Structure: Commensurate vs. Incommensurate.   Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 164, 220-229.
  • Layland, R. C. & zur Loye, H. C. (2001).  Preparation, Characterization, and Magnetic Properties of the Solid Solution Series: Ca4-xNixIrO6 (x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4).   Materials Research Bulletin, 36, 2701-2710.
  • Layland, R. C., Shotwell, S., Fiscus, J. E., Smith, M. D., & zur Loye, H. C. (2001).  Three Unique Coordination Geometries Involving 1,2-dimethoxy-4,5-bis(2-pyridylethynyl)benzene.   Chemical Communications, 2674-2675.
  • Layland, R. C. & zur Loye, H. C. (2000).  Synthesis, Characterization, and Magnetic Properties of a Commensurate and Incommensurate Phase of Sr3ZnRhO6: Zinc in Trigonal Prismatic Coordination.   Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 299, 118-125.
  • Layland, R. C., Smith, M. D., Claridge, J. B., & zur Loye, H. C. (2000).  Growth of Single Crystals Belonging to a Family of One-Dimensional Oxides: Commensurate and Incommensurate Structures.   Journal of Crystal Growth, 211, 452-457.
  • Layland, R. C., Dong, Y. B., Smith, M. D., & zur Loye, H. C. (2000).  A Novel Non-Interpenetrating Polycyclohexane Network: A New Inorganic/Organic Coordination Polymer Structural Motif Generated by Self-Assembly of 'T-shaped' Moieties.   Chemistry of Materials, 12 (4), 1156-1161.
  • Layland, R. C., Smith, M. D., Dong, Y. B., & zur Loye, H. C. (2000).  Novel Hydrogen-Bonded Two- and Three-Dimensional Networks Generated from the Reaction of Metal Nitrate Hydrates (M = Cd, Co) with the Bidentate Linear Ligands 4,4'-Bipyridine.   Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions., 775-780.
  • Layland, R. C., Dong, Y. B., Smith, M. D., & zur Loye, H. C. (1999).  Reactions of Cu(hfacac)2-H2O (hfacac = Hexafluoroacetylacetonate) with Bidentate Ligands. Preparation, Characterization, and X-ray Structures of the Molecular Complexes Cu(hfacac)2(pyrazine)2 and etc.   Inorganic Chemistry, 38, 5027-5033.
  • Layland, R. C., Dong, Y. B., Smith, M. D., zur Loye, H. C., & Pschirer, N. G. (1999).  Syntheses and Characterizations of One-Dimensional Coordination Polymers Generated from Cadmium Nitrate and Bipyridine Ligands.   Inorganic Chemistry, 38, 3056-3060.
  • Layland, R. C., Jackson, S. K., & zur Loye, H. C. (1999).  The Simultaneous Powder X-Ray and Neutron Diffraction Refinement of Two h-Carbide Type Nitrides, Fe3Mo3N and Co3Mo3N, prepared from the Ammonolysis and by Plasma Nitridation of Oxide Precursors.   Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 291, 94-101.
  • Layland, R. C., Claridge, J. B., Henley, W. H., & zur Loye, H. C. (1999).  Crystal Growth and Magnetic Measurements on Aligned Single Crystals of the Oxides Sr3NiPtO6 and Sr3CuPtO6.   Chemistry of Materials, 11 (5), 1376-1380.
  • Layland, R. C., Dong, Y. B., Pschirer, N. G., Smith, M. D., & zur Loye, H. C. (1999).  New Crystalline Frameworks Formed from 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethyne and Co(NO3)2: Interpenetrating Molecular Ladders and an Unexpected Molecular Parquet Pattern from T-Shaped Building Blocks.   Chemistry of Materials, 11, 1413-1415.
  • Layland, R. C., Claridge, J. B., Henley, W. H., & zur Loye, H. C. (1998).  The Structure, Characterization, and Magnetic Properties of Ca(4-x)NixIrO6 (x = 0.25, 0.5).   Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, 624, 1951-1955.
  • Layland, R. C., Kirkland, S. L., Nunez, P., & zur Loye, H. C. (1998).  Synthesis and Characterization of New Rh(III) Compounds with the K4CdCl6 Structure-type: Sr3MRhO6 (M = Y, Sc, and In).   Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 139, 416-421.
  • Layland, R. C., Kirkland, S. L., & zur Loye, H. C. (1998).  Synthesis, Characterization, and Magnetic Properties of New Rh(III) Compounds with the K4CdCl6 Structure-type: Sr3MRhO6 (M = Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Yb).   Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 139, 79-84.
  • Layland, R. C., Claridge, J. B., & zur Loye, H. C. (1997).  Ca4PtO6. Calcium Platinum Oxide.   Acta Crystallographica, C53, 1740-1741.
  • Layland, R. C., Claridge, J. B., Adams, R. D., & zur Loye, H. C. (1997).  The Structures and Characterization of Two New Oxides of the Sr4PtO6 Type: NaCa3IrO6 and NaCa3RuO6.   Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, 623, 1131-1134.
  • Layland, R. C. & Adams, R. D. (1997).  A Barium Copper Titanate. The Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Ba8Cu2Ti22O54.   Polyhedron, 16 (12), 2105-2108.
  • Layland, R. C. & Adams, R. D. (1997).  The Synthesis, Crystal Structures and Magnetic Properties of Cu(AsO4)2(O) and Ba2Cu7As6O24.   Chemische Berichte/Recueil, 130, 63-67.
  • Layland, R. C., Adams, R. D., Braunstein, P., & Charles, C. (1996).  The Synthesis of [Fe(CO)3(·1-dppm){Sn(n-Bu)2}]2 by Silicon - Tin Exchange, its Crystal Structure and its Use as a Metallodiphosphine Ligand.   Journal of Cluster Science, 7 (2), 145-154.
  • Layland, R. C., Reger, D. L., Collins, J. E., & Adams, R. D. (1996).  A Six-Coordinate Tris(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)methane-Thallium(I) Complex with a Stereochemically Inactive Lone Pair: Syntheses and Solid State Structures of {[HC(3,5-Me2pz)3]2Tl}PF6 and {[HC(3,5-Me.   Inorganic Chemistry, 35, 1372-1376.
  • Layland, R. C., Adams, R. D., Payen, C., & Datta, T. (1996).  The Synthesis, Structural Analysis and Magnetic Properties of the Tetrahedral Co(II) compounds Ba2CoSi2O7 and BaCo2Si2O7.   Inorganic Chemistry, 35, 3492-3497.
  • Layland, R. C. & Adams, R. D. (1996).  A New Manganese Ortho-Arsenate. The Synthesis, Structure and Magnetic Properties of Ba2Mn(AsO4)2.   Polyhedron, 15 (8), 1235-1239.
  • Layland, R. C., Adams, R. D., & McBride, K. (1996).  An Extraordinary Example of Metalloselectivity. The Extraction of Copper from the Mixed Metal Cluster Cu2Ru6(CO)16(µ6-C)(NCMe)2 by 1,5,9-trithiacyclododecane.   Organomettallics, 15 (25), 5425-5427.
  • Layland, R. C., Adams, R. D., Danot, M., & Payen, C. (1996).  A New Mixed Metal Titanate. The Synthesis and Characterization of Ba2Fe2Ti4O13.   Polyhedron, 15 (15), 2567-2571.
  • Layland, R. C., Andrieu, J., Braunstein, P., Naud, F., & Adams, R. D. (1996).  Ligand Redistribution Reactions leading to new Phosphinoenolate, Methyl Palladium Complexes. Crystal Structure of [Pd(Me){Ph2PCHC(O)Ph}(PPh3)].   Bulletin de la Société Chimique de France, 133, 669-672.
  • Layland, R. C., Adams, R. D., & Payen, C. (1996).  The Synthesis, Structural Analysis and Magnetic Properties of a New Mixed Metal Ferrite Ba3Fe24Ti7O53.   Chemische Berichte/Recueil, 129, 1441-1445.
  • Layland, R. C., Adams, R. D., & Payen, C. (1995).  A New Mixed Metal Titanate. The Synthesis and Characterization of Ba2Ni1Ti5O13.   Chemistry of Materials, 7, 2168-2170.
  • Layland, R. C., Adams, R. D., & Payen, C. (1995).  Cu4(AsO4)2(O): A New Copper Arsenate with Unusual Low Temperature Magnetic Properties.   Inorganic Chemistry, 34, 5397-5398.
  • Layland, R. C., Adams, R. D., & Payen, C. (1995).  New Manganese Pyrophosphates. The Syntheses, Crystallographic Characterizations and Magnetic Properties of BaMnP2O7 and CaMnP2O7.   Polyhedron, 14 (23-24), 3473-3480.
  • Layland, R. C., Adams, R. D., Datta, T., & Payen, C. (1993).  BaCo2Si2O7: A New One-Dimensional Antiferromagnet Based on Chains of Oxide Bridged CoO4 Tetrahedra.   Polyhedron, 12 (16), 2075-2077.

Refereed Proceedings 

Full Paper

  • Layland, R. C., Dukes, A. D., Delach, D. L., Singletary, S. N., Altamirano, L., Elizabeth A. Hopkins (2018).  Contaminant Profiles of Lake Greenwood.   Upstate Research Symposium.
  • Cameron, M. T., Dukes, III, A. D., Ashley, J. C., & Layland, R. C. (2014).  Synthesis of Two Dimensionally and One Dimensionally Confined Cadmium Selenide Nanocrystals.   Upstate Research Symposium, 10, Spartanburg, SC: USC Upstate, 155-157.
  • Dukes III, A. D., Cameron, M. T., Ashley, J. C., & Layland, R. C. (2014).  Temperature Effects on the Morphology of CdSe Nanocrystals.   Upstate Research Symposium, 10, Spartanburg, SC: USC Upstate, 37-39.
Presentations

Presentation of Refereed Papers 

International

  • Layland, R. C., Claridge, J. B., & zur Loye, H. C. (1998, July). Synthesis, Characterization, and Magnetic Properties of Novel One-Dimensional Oxides of the Sr4PtO6 Structure Type.   Gordon Research Conference, Solid State Chemistry, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • Layland, R. C., Claridge, J. B., & zur Loye, H. C. (1997, September). New Oxides of the K4CdCl6 Type: Structures and Properties.   Gordon Research Conference, Solid State Chemistry, Oxford, Great Britain.

National

  • Layland, R. C., Deanhardt, M. L., & Huggins, C. M. (2006, March). Nutrient Study in Lake Greenwood.   American Chemical Society, Atlanta, Georgia.
  • Layland, R. C., Reger, D. L., Collins, J. E., & Adams, R. D. (1996, March). Post-Transition Metal Complexes of Polypyrazolylmethane Ligands.   American Chemical Society, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Regional

  • Layland, R. C., Dukes, A. D., Delach, D. L., Singletary, S. N., Altamirano, L., Elizabeth A. Hopkins (2018, April). Contaminant Profiles of Lake Greenwood.   Upstate Research Symposium, Spartanburg, South Carolina.
  • Layland, R. C., Deanhardt, M. L., Dobbins, S., & Sparks, C. (2007, April). Quantification of Phosphorus in Sediment at Lake Greenwood.   Southeast Regional Undergraduate Conference, Johnson City, Tennessee.
  • Layland, R. C. & zur Loye, H. C. (1998, November). Synthesis, Characterization, and Magnetic Properties of Novel One-Dimensional Oxides.   American Chemical Society Southeast Regional Meeting, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.
  • Layland, R. C. & Marx, D. M. (1991, May). Development and Evaluation of Anti-Oxidant Coatings on Silver Surfaces.   American Chemical Society Middle Atlantic Regional Meeting, Newark, Delaware.

State

  • Cameron, M. T., Dukes, III, A. D., Ashley, J. C., & Layland, R. C. (2014). Synthesis of Two Dimensionally and One Dimensionally Confined Cadmium Selenide Nanocrystals.   Upstate Research Symposium, Spartanburg, South Carolina.
  • Dukes III, A. D., Cameron, M. T., Ashley, J. C., & Layland, R. C. (2014, April). Temperature Effects on the Morphology of CdSe Nanocrystals.   Upstate Research Symposium, Spartanburg, South Carolina.

Presentation of Non-Refereed Papers 

Local

  • Layland, R. C. & Hopkins, E. A. (2018, April). Contaminant Profiles of Lake Greenwood.   Lander University Academic Showcase, Greenwood, South Carolina.
  • Cameron, M. T., Ashley, J. C., Layland, R. C., & Dukes III, A. D. (2014). Factors Effecting the Morphology of CdSe Nanocrystals.   Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Meeting, Greenville, South Carolina.
  • Ashley, J., Cameron, M. T., Layland, R. C., & Dukes, III, A. D. (2013). Factors Effecting the Morphology of CdSe Nanocrystals.   Lander University Department of Physical Sciences Research Symposium, Greenwood, South Carolina.

Regional

  • Layland, R. C., Deanhardt, M. L., Whitfield, L. M., & Senn, S. K. (2009, April). Determination of Mercury in South Carolina Lakes Using Fluorescence Spectroscopy.   Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Meeting, Greenville, South Carolina.
  • Layland, R. C., Deanhardt, M. L., & Vaughn, C. (2008, April). Ultra-Trace Determination of Mercury in Lake Greenwood Using Fluorescence Spectroscopy.   Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Meeting, Greenville, South Carolina.
  • Layland, R. C., Deanhardt, M. L., Dobbins, S., & Sparks, C. (2007, April). Quantification of Phosphorus in Sediment at Lake Greenwood.   Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Meeting, Greenville, South Carolina.
  • Layland, R. C., Deanhardt, M. L., & Odom, L. J. (2006, April). Nutrient Study in Lake Greenwood.   Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Meeting, Greenville, South Carolina.
  • Layland, R. C., Deanhardt, M. L., & Scott, V. (2005, April). Determination of the Limiting Nutrient(s) in Lake Greenwood.   Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Meeting, Greenville, South Carolina.
  • Layland, R. C., Deanhardt, M. L., & Clem, E. (2004, April). Determination of the Limiting Nutrient(s) in Lake Greenwood.   Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Meeting, Greenville, South Carolina.
  • Layland, R. C. & Napper, J. (2003, April). Crystal Growth of Potassium Silicates.   Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Meeting, Greenville, South Carolina.

State

  • Layland, R. C. & Deanhardt, M. L. (2004, April). Sediment and Nutrient Study in Lake Greenwood.   South Carolina Academy of Science, Charleston, South Carolina.