Note: The information below provides convenient links to some of the courses required for this degree; however, it should not be used as a course registration guide. Please refer to the official Lander University Academic Catalog for the most accurate and up-to-date program requirements.


A minor in history consists of 18 semester hours distributed as follows:

  • 6 credit hours of 100-level History courses
  • 12 credit hours of 300-level or higher History courses 


The objective of the minor in international studies is to learn about the contemporary world (i.e., post-1900) and the relationship of the United States to the world. Students will be exposed to major international issues and challenges as well as to cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary perspectives. Students pursuing the minor are encouraged to participate in Lander’s approved study abroad programs, although this is not a requirement for completion of the minor.

Courses from chosen area, either A or B, 9 semester hours
Courses from the other two, 9 semester hours

Thus, students must concentrate their coursework in either history or political science. In addition, they must choose at least three additional courses for the minor from any of the areas below. Students must earn a grade of “C” or better in all minor courses.

AREA A. History

Special topics courses (HIST 371) are also acceptable if the contemporary age (1900-present) is the primary focus of appropriate course content.

AREA B. Political Science

Special topics courses (POLS 361) and internships with an international focus (POLS 490) are also acceptable if the contemporary age (1900-present) is the primary focus of appropriate course content.

AREA C. Approved Electives and Study Abroad

Students may count a variety of electives toward the minor in international studies. This includes courses taken at Lander as well as through the Lander-approved study abroad programs. The following Lander courses are pre-approved for the minor:

Special Topics (if appropriate course content is covered) Students are strongly encouraged to study abroad and may count up to nine hours of coursework taken through Lander-approved programs, such as at the University of Winchester in the United Kingdom. Faculty must approve all coursework taken in study abroad programs.



The minor in philosophy not only emphasizes the acquisition of methodological skills used in many separate academic disciplines but also emphasizes inquiry into, and reflection upon, the knowledge and value-structures inherent in intellectual problems and texts. Students in the minor program will (1) learn to investigate critically the major areas of philosophy including logic, value theory, and theories of knowledge and reality and (2) learn to apply their reasoning abilities in critical reading, thinking, and writing.

Students minoring in philosophy should (1) acquire the methods necessary to read, think critically and write about subjects in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences, (2) understand and be able to employ ethical concepts and theories of moral philosophy, and (3) be conversant with the major problems and historical development of philosophical inquiry.

The philosophy minor consists of 18 credit hours with the following distribution:

A. Area Studies in Philosophy (12 credit hours required; 18 credit hours allowed):

B. Optional Cognate Courses (cognate courses in other disciplines, no more than 6 credit hours for the philosophy minor; at least 3 credit hours is recommended):


The pre-law minor has four groups of courses. Students must take both courses in the first group (Group A), two of the courses in the second group (Group B), two of the courses in the third group (Group C), and one of the courses in the last group (Group D). The first group consists of courses providing the most important skills a law student or lawyer needs. The second group consists of courses providing background knowledge helpful for law students or lawyers. The third group consists of the law courses offered at the undergraduate level. The fourth group consists of courses that explore specific issues or applications related to the study and practice of law.

The pre-law minor consists of 21 semester hours with the following distribution:

GROUP A (6 semester hours)

GROUP B (6 semester hours)
Students must choose two of the following courses:

Group C (6 semester hours)
Students must choose two of the following courses:

GROUP D (3 semester hours)
Students must choose one of the following courses:


The religion minor provides students with the opportunity to engage in a scholarly study of religion in a manner that places value on understanding the origins and meaning of religion in different cultures. The minor provides studies in the primary texts, histories, and founders of all of the world’s major religions, with a focus on the comparative study of religion and the Judeo-Christian tradition. The minor is intended for students who have a general interest in the academic discipline of religious studies, particularly those interested in pursuing such studies in graduate school or at seminary, or who intend to pursue vocations where a knowledge of religion would be helpful.

The religion minor consists of 18 semester hours of courses distributed as follows: